Muzio Clementi was born in Rome on 23 January 1752 but his fate was sealed as an English musician when Peter Beckford offered Clementi employment as pianist-in-residence at Beckford's country house in Dorset. Following a move to London, six early piano sonatas Op 2 (1779) were the first pieces by Clementi to attract interest. He soon began touring Europe, famously playing in Paris for Marie Antoinette and 'duelling' in Vienna with Mozart, who thought Clementi's playing showed no taste or feeling.\n
Later, Clementi went into business, making and selling pianos and publishing music, and was an important figure in these areas. His company acquired the British rights to some of Ludwig van Beethoven's music. He became a director of the newly-founded Philharmonic Society, and was active as an orchestral composer and conductor around 1820. It was during this period, too, that he wrote his famous piano studies Gradus ad Parnassum. He retired to the English countryside, where he died, on 10 March 1832, in the pretty market town of Evesham in Worcestershire, leaving a legacy of writing and teaching that affected musical life throughout the nineteenth century.